Comunica Investiga Lab


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When conducting a research project, it is important to consider how the results will be disseminated. There is a wide variety of academic dissemination products, the choice of which depends on the topic to be dealt with, the medium through which publication is expected, and the personal inclinations of each researcher. Below we explain what each one consists of.


It consists of the presentation of the results of a scientific research using academic language and following the guidelines generally accepted by the academy. It means an original contribution to the scientific community. It seeks to inform and persuade. In the case of the second function, it must convince the reader of the importance and validity of the research results (Aldestein and Kuguel, 2005: 33). Thus, the information presented in the article is at the service of sustaining the scientific validity of the hypothesis and the results presented. Its specific characteristics depend on the rules for authors of each journal. However, in general, a journal article has the following structure: a) introduction: contextualization and presentation of the object of study and/or the subject matter, as well as the objectives or purposes of the study; b) theoretical argumentation; c) methodological aspects; d) presentation of the results or findings; e) closing, conclusions and recommendations, or final considerations and final reflections. It has an average length of eight thousand words, which is approximately 15 pages.

The commercial success of “K-Drama”: lessons to be learned, in Comunicacción Magazine:


It consists of the presentation of a topic from a personal interpretation with argumentative rigor. It has an expository-argumentative character and is a means that allows the author to demonstrate his/her hypothesis or position on the topic to be addressed, which he/she will seek to prove or disprove through an argumentative sequence based on authors. It also allows questioning, expanding or revising other authors’ points of view. Its specific characteristics depend on the rules for authors of each journal. However, in general, an academic or scientific essay has the following structure: a) introduction, b) development and c) closing. It has an average length of five thousand words which is approximately equivalent to eight pages.


It is a type of documentary research that allows the study of the accumulated knowledge within a specific topic. It seeks to account for the meaning of the documentary material analyzed, reviewing it in a detailed and careful manner. It reports the results of a process of background research on a given topic. It is characterized by its predominantly expository character and implies a synthesis of everything read, but with a logical structure given by its author. Its length is variable.


It is a guided conversation with one or more experts in the research topic. It can be presented as a video or transcribed in a written format. Its length is variable.

Vaccines for children: Everything you need to know – Marco Sifuentes (La Encerrona):


It is a hybrid format that uses images, still or moving, placed in a specific order or sequence to present concepts, events, arguments, etc. Its core is the author’s thesis and the point of view he takes before the images, which will try to prove and argue his thesis (Colorado, 2015). It has an expository-argumentative characteristic within which, the image does not have a decorative function but an informative one.

¿Es posible fotografiar el efímero espíritu de la danza? – Carlos de Paz: 
Social Constructs | Philosophy Tube


Consiste en la presentación sintética y gráfica de los avances o resultados de un proyecto de investigación. Busca facilitar la transmisión y comprensión de un determinado tema.

Identidad interpersonal vs colectiva, por Universidad Complutense de Madrid:


It is a text that informs, comments critically and gives an opinion on a given publication. It combines two parts: the descriptive and the critical. In the first, the author provides essential information about the book, while in the critical part, the author evaluates the book (Dalhousie University Libraries, 2000). Its structure, in general, consists of three parts: Beginning, where the bibliographical references of the work are presented. Development, where the descriptive moment is appreciated (purposes and organization of the work, sources, contents treated). Closing, where an evaluation of the work is made, pointing out both negative and positive criticisms.


Baptista, T. (28 de marzo de 2017) El potencial crítico del ensayo audiovisual digital. A cuarta parede.

Colorado, O (21 de febrero de 2015). El foto ensayo, naturaleza y definición. Oscar en Fotos. 

Gamboa, Y. (s/f) Guía práctica para escribir ensayos.

Koval, S. (2013) Introducción a la redacción académica. Pautas formales y temáticas para el desarrollo de trabajos científico-académicos.

López, M et al. (2014) Manual básico para la escritura de ensayos.

Lövei, G. (2021) Writing and Publishing Scientific Papers. A Primer for the Non-English Speaker.

Suny Empire State College (s/f) Types of Academic Writing. 

Universidad Complutense de Madrid. (s/f) Recursos para infografías.

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Esta insignia especial tiene el honor de ser entregada a lxs integrantes de la primera edición del Lab, quienes no solo evidenciaron rigurosidad académica durante el proceso de investigación, sino también valentía y perseverancia para aventurarse a ser parte de nuestra primera comunidad de investigadorxs. Quienes posean esta insignia tienen la oportunidad de incorporarae como parte del equipo organizador. Siempre serán bienvenidxs y recordadxs por toda la comunidad de Comunica Investiga Lab.

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